Does that gear drive a chain? It looks like it from the shape of the teeth.
That was likely made from Nylon, which is a lot tougher than ABS and PLA (what most printers use for material), so I would pick Nylon or a metal for a suitable replacement.
Recreating that in CAD wouldn't be too tough. I would go with Alumide from Shapeways. http://www.shapeways.com/materials/metallic-plastic?li=nav Either that or steel. More expensive, but more durable.